I think this "topic" has pretty much went off the rails but I like statistics and would offer this to your questions.
City of Detroit (2010 Census) information:
19.1% of City residents earn less than 10K
24.4% of City residents earn between 10 - 25k
18.9% of City residents earn between 25 - 40K
16.9% of City residents earn between 40 - 60K
Median Income in Detroit is 28,357.00 (MI total 46,144)
26.7% of City residents receive SSI
10.8% of City residents receive supplemental ssi (sometimes called SSDI).
11.4% of City residents receive public assistance
18.1% of City residents receive retirement income
69.9% of City residents have completed HS
39.6% of City residents have completed some college
16.1% of City residents have obtained a associates degree
11.0% of City residents have obtained a bachelors degree
4.2% of City residents have obtained a masters degree
Unemployment rate is 9.7% (final 2012) (MI total 9.3%)
17.9% of working age males are not in the workforce
21.6% of working age females are not in the workforce
Poverty Level is 26.1% (Michigan Total 10.1%)
Detroit is a complex issue of not just politics but must include education, employment (movement of manufacturing out of Detroit), transportation (19.4% of households have no vehicle), access to health care (and mental health services).
Crime is also a topic that must be discussed regarding the City of Detroit and compared to the state of Michigan or national crime index, Detroit is above the state and national average in all crime index categories.
Can't really answer the "part time" job with a good answer.
Anyhow - back to the idea of the fiscal cliff . . . I think everything has to be considered for a cut. Yes, this will be painful in the short term but it is something that will need to be done.
Here is a couple of interesting sites for demographics if you are interested:http://www.areavibes.com/detroit-mi/employment/http://www.clrsearch.com/Detroit-Demographics/MI/http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/26/2622000.htmlhttp://doi.wayne.edu/pdf/kurt_metzger_-_demographic_presentationoct_2007.pdf